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Awareness weeks guide

International Nurses Day

International Nurses Day (IND)
12 May 2024

IND is celebrated around the world every May 12, the anniversary of Florence Nightingale's birth. ICN commemorates this important day each year with the production and distribution of the International Nurses' Day (IND) resources and evidence. International Nurses Day



  • Guidelines (Nursing and Midwifery Board - AHPRA)

Online content



Nurses’ mental health


Student nurses






A qualitative approach to exploring nurse practitioners’ provision of telehealth services during the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia
Since the height of the COVID-19 pandemic, telehealth has become an accepted means of operating for many healthcare services, including those provided by nurse practitioners. The findings suggest that the educational preparation of nurse practitioners to provide care via telephone or telehealth services is important and should be considered as part of the design of tertiary education leading to nurse practitioner endorsement in Australia. Collegian 1 February 2024

Finding meaning in complex care nursing in a hospital setting
This study explores the experiences of nurses that provide ‘complex’, generalist healthcare in hospital settings. Complex care is described as care for patients experiencing acute issues additional to multimorbidity, ageing or psychosocial complexity. Nurses are the largest professional group of frontline healthcare workers and patients experiencing chronic conditions are overrepresented in acute care settings. Research exploring nurses’ experiences of hospital-based complex care is limited, however this study aims to add to what is known currently. Nursing inquiry 20 March 2024

A systematic integrative review of specialized nurses' role to establish a culture of patient safety: A modelling perspective
Specialized nurses can make a significant contribution to promote patient safety culture and support organizational initiatives to prevent adverse events. Stronger participation and leadership of specialized nurses in initiatives to improve patient safety culture requires appropriate investments and support by policy makers and managers in terms of resources and training. Journal of advanced nursing 17 February 2024

Learning in the workplace: Development of a simple language statement assessment tool that supports second-level nurse practice
Workplace learning is important for nurses to continue to build their capacity to deliver optimum care. Assessment tools that describe professional capability in plain language statements and provide examples of supportive behavioural cues help guide on-going learning through improving the validity and thereby consistency of assessment processes. Furthermore, comprehensible and meaningful statements and cues can readily be adopted by students and educators to target learning and feedback thereby enhancing clarity of the enrolled nurse (EN) role, to distinguish from other nursing roles. Nurse education in practice 1 May 2024

Effects of the nursing practice environment, nurse staffing, patient surveillance and escalation of care on patient mortality: A multi-source quantitative study
Patient mortality can be reduced by increasing nurse staffing levels and improving the nursing practice environment. Nurses play a pivotal role in patient safety and improving nursing care processes to minimise missed care related to patient surveillance and ensuring timely clinical review for deteriorating patients reduces inpatient mortality. International journal of nursing studies 19 April 2024

Nursing workforce plays a significant role in reducing COVID-19 deaths worldwide: A cross-sectional analysis of data from 178 countries
Key points

  • Dependent on various factors, nursing workforce statistically explained 11.67% of COVID-19 deaths reduction worldwide.
  • After having statistically removed the confounding effects of health expenditure, mean age, physician density and urban advantages, nursing workforce may independently protect against 6.00% of COVID-19 deaths.
  • The findings in this study alert health authorities that investment in nursing workforce could significantly reduce pandemic death rates, for instance from COVID-19 pandemic.

Nursing and health sciences 21 February 2024


Nurses’ mental health

“I feel broken”: Chronicling burnout, mental health, and the limits of individual resilience in nursing
Healthcare systems and health professionals are facing a litany of stressors that have been compounded by the pandemic, and consequently, this has further perpetuated suboptimal mental health and burnout in nursing. The purpose of this paper is to report select findings from a larger, national study exploring gendered experiences of mental health, leave of absence (LOA), and return to work from the perspectives of nurses and key stakeholders. Nursing inquiry 5 November 2023

Sense of coherence moderates job demand-resources and impact on burnout among nurses and midwives in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional survey
It is evident that both nursing and midwifery professions require psychosocial support to preserve their health both in the short and long term. Ensuring individualized tailored support will require a layered response within organizations aimed at individual self-care and collegial peer support. Journal of advanced nursing 1 March 2024

The impact of a climate of perceived organizational support on nurses' well-being and healthcare-unit performance: A longitudinal questionnaire study
A climate where nurses perceive that their organization values their contributions and cares about their well-being is beneficial for their job satisfaction and health, which, according to previous research, may influence nurse retention. Journal of advanced nursing 9 April 2024

Relationship between depression and burnout among nurses in Intensive Care units at the late stage of COVID-19: a network analysis
The symptom of PHQ4(Fatigue) was the bridge to connect the emotion exhaustion and depression. Targeting this symptom will be effective to detect mental disorders and relieve mental syndromes of ICU nurses at the late stage of COVID-19 pandemic. BMC nursing 1 April 2024



Barriers and facilitators to the professional integration of internationally qualified nurses in Australia: a mixed methods systematic review
Discrimination and racism from colleagues, co-workers, and patients should be addressed with a more direct approach than is currently in place. Training of locally and internationally qualified nurses in intraprofessional cultural competence may improve interaction and communication, reduce racism and discriminatory practices, and increase quality of care. Australian journal of advanced nursing 16 April 2024

Tokenistic or transformative? An exploration of culturally safe care in Australian mental health nursing
Given the harmful impacts culturally unsafe practices can have, there is a need to ensure mental health nurses (MHNs) provide care which respects and is affirming of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and their cultures. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore non-Indigenous MHNs’ preparedness and experiences in providing care to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. International journal of mental health 27 January 2024

Decolonisation for health: A lifelong process of unlearning for Australian white nurse educators
Indigenous nurse scholars across nations colonised by Europeans articulate the need for accomplices (as opposed to mere performative allies) to work alongside them and support their ongoing struggle for health equity and respect and to prioritise and promote culturally safe healthcare. Although cultural safety is now being mandated in nursing codes of practice as a strategy to address racism in healthcare, it is important that white nurse educators have a comprehensive understanding about cultural safety and the pedagogical skills needed to teach it to undergraduate nurses. Nursing inquiry 29 November 2023

Nurses’ understanding of their duty of confidentiality to patients in mental health care: A qualitative exploratory study
Confidentiality is an integral element of good mental health care. Findings from this qualitative exploratory study will lead to the development of nurse education and guidance that will assist nurses to thoroughly understand the duty of confidentiality they owe to their patients. Collegian 8 March 2024

When to err is inhuman: An examination of the influence of artificial intelligence-driven nursing care on patient safety
Artificial intelligence, as a nonhuman entity, is increasingly used to inform, direct, or supplant nursing care and clinical decision-making. Nursing inquiry 17 July 2023

Lack of awareness of nursing as a career choice for men: A qualitative descriptive study
This research indicates that nursing as a career choice for men is still underpinned by a lack of understanding of the actual role of the nurse and what nurses do, and is more supported by a societal perception that nursing is still a feminized profession. Findings can be used to make recommendations for change in the profession to strengthen diversity in the workforce and redefine the recruitment of men into nursing. Journal of advanced nursing 31 July 2022

Early career nurses’ self-reported influences and drawbacks for undertaking a rural graduate nursing program
What is already known about the topic?

  • Australia is facing a significant and growing deficit in the number of nurses choosing to practice rurally.
  • Rural origin and rural placements influence rural practice intention.
  • Early career nurse programs are an initiative aimed to support the transition of nurses into practice from undergraduate study and can act as a pathway for nurses to enter rural careers.

What this paper adds:

  • Family and social ties are the most influential reasons for choosing a rural location for early career nurses.
  • Commensurate with this is the greatest drawback for choosing a rural location for early career employment was being away from family and/or friends.
  • Future research should explore practical strategies that capitalise on the importance of social connections, familial ties, and life course for rural nurse career decisions

Australian journal of advanced nursing 18 April 2024

Developing as a person: how international educational programs transform nurses and midwives
By providing opportunities for healthcare professionals to engage with diverse settings and populations, organisations and educational institutions can foster the development of well-rounded and globally competent practitioners. Australian journal of advanced nursing 16 April 2024

Expanding urological services into regional Australia and reducing interhospital transfers: how the nurse practitioner can help
Transferring an acute patient from a regional to a tertiary hospital for specialist care is often necessary but not ideal for the patient and their family. The presence of a dedicated Urology Nurse Practitioner (UNP) in a regional centre is important for patient care and has an important role in preventing unnecessary transfers. This is a vital component of a visiting urological service to a rural community. ANZ journal of urology 15 April 2024


Student nurses

Australian nursing students' experiences of workplace violence during clinical placement: A cross-sectional study
Student nurses (SNs) most often experience violence from patients during direct care. Patient encounters are the core component of clinical placement. Education providers have a responsibility to effectively prepare students to be able to identify escalating situations and manage potentially violent situations. Registered nurses who supervise students during clinical placement require support to balance their clinical role with student supervision. Journal of advanced nursing 3 April 2024

“I changed my mind after my placement”: The influence of clinical placement environment on career choices of final-year pre-registration nurses
Problem or Issue

Nursing students make short- and long-term career plans in the final year of their nursing education. These career decisions may influence their commitment to nursing.
What is already known
The interrelation between clinical placement and career choices of nursing students. Positive clinical experiences encourage nursing students to pursue a nursing specialty. Nursing students prefer hospital settings for their first graduate positions.
What this paper adds
Innovative clinical placements are needed in the final year of nursing education to improve students’ learning and enhance career preferences in non-hospital settings. New graduate nurses should be prepared for the preceptorship role. Preceptors should be prepared to provide career counselling and advice to students in addition to the teaching role. The need to better structure the recruitment of final-year nursing students during their clinical placements.

Collegian 3 January 2024

Graduate entry nursing students’ well-being and transformation in becoming registered nurses: Phase three of a longitudinal case study
Ensuring Graduate entry nursing (GEN) students are supported to transition to practice will contribute to addressing the global nursing workforce shortage. Collegian 17 January 2024

Learning experiences of first year graduate entry nursing students in New Zealand and Australia: a qualitative case study
This study highlights the experiences of first year graduate entry nursing students, with many experiencing affirmation that their altruistic career visions came to fruition. The findings indicate that these graduate-entry nursing students interviewed for this study tended to be flexible and adaptable in their approach to study as a means of meeting the challenges of the programme, all of which are key characteristics for a registered nurse; with personal growth and the development of the self, providing preparation for their second year of study. BMC nursing 20 March 2023



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