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Awareness weeks guide

Health Awareness Week

World No Tobacco Day

31 May 2023

This yearly celebration informs the public on the dangers of using tobacco, the business practices of tobacco companies, what WHO is doing to fight the tobacco epidemic, and what people around the world can do to claim their right to health and healthy living and to protect future generations. WHO This year’s theme is Grow food not tobacco

National Tobacco Strategy 2023–2030


Effects and risks


Treatment – General

Treatment and risks – Children and adolescents

Treatment and risks – Pregnancy






Fifty-year forecasts of daily smoking prevalence: can Australia reach 5% by 2030?
A 5% adult daily smoking prevalence target cannot be achieved by the year 2030 based on current trends. Urgent investment in concerted strategies that prevent smoking initiation and facilitate cessation is necessary to achieve 5% prevalence by 2030. Tobacco control 22 May 2023

Document analysis of the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World’s scientific outputs and activities: a case study in contemporary tobacco industry agnogenesis
This paper identifies Foundation for a Smoke-Free World’s (FSFW) as a new vehicle for agnogenesis, indicating that, over 70 years since the tobacco industry began to manipulate science, efforts to protect science from its interference remain inadequate. This, combined with growing evidence that other industries are engaging in similar practices, illustrates the urgent need to develop more robust systems to protect scientific integrity. Tobacco control 3 May 2023

E-cigarette attitudes and use in a sample of Australians aged 15–30 years
Despite current restrictions on e-cigarette availability and promotion, the results suggest many young people in Australia may be exposed to e-cigarettes in multiple ways. Australian and New Zealand journal of public health 26 March 2023

Challenges and opportunities for tobacco control in Australia: a qualitative study
Several challenges are perceived to be hampering Australia's tobacco control efforts. The attention being devoted to e-cigarettes at the expense of effective control measures warrants immediate addressing. Increasing awareness that smoking continues to be the leading cause of preventable death, developing an evidence-based national cessation strategy and implementing measures that protect tobacco control efforts from vested interests are critical to reducing smoking prevalence rates.  Australian and New Zealand journal of public health 18 August 2022

Central Australian Aboriginal women's placental and neonatal outcomes following maternal smokeless tobacco, cigarette or no tobacco use
This research is the first to demonstrate that the maternal use of Australian Nicotiana spp. (pituri) as smokeless tobacco may negatively impact placental and neonatal outcomes. Maternal smokeless tobacco use is a potential source of placental and foetal nicotine exposure. Maternal antenatal screening should be expanded to capture a broader range of tobacco and nicotine products, and appropriate cessation support is required. Australian and New Zealand journal of public health 25 November 2021

Global prevalence of heated tobacco product use, 2015–22: A systematic review and meta-analysis
The prevalence of HTPs use increased in the EUR and WPR between 2015 and 2020, with nearly 5% of the included populations having ever tried HTP and 1.5% identifying as current users during the study period. Addiction 2 April 2023

Within-person associations between psychological and contextual factors and lapse incidence in smokers attempting to quit: A systematic review and meta-analysis of ecological momentary assessment studies
In smokers attempting to stop, environmental and social cues and cravings appear to be key within-person antecedents of smoking lapse incidence. Due to low study quality, the confidence in these estimates is reduced. Addiction 20 February 2023

Cigarette pack size and consumption: a randomized cross-over trial
Smoking from packs of 20 compared with 25 cigarettes reduced the number of cigarettes smoked per day. Addiction 3 November 2022

The environmental impact of tobacco products: Time to increase awareness and action
Public education campaigns about the environmental harms caused by tobacco products may increase public support for more effective regulation relating to the environmental impacts of tobacco products, which is likely to have complementary benefits to health by reducing the number of cigarettes smoked. Addiction 27 September 2022

Associations between nicotine vaping uptake and cigarette smoking cessation vary by smokers' plans to quit: longitudinal findings from the International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking and Vaping Surveys
Uptake of nicotine vaping appears to be strongly associated with cigarette smoking cessation among smokers with no initial plans to quit smoking. Excluding smokers not planning to quit from studies on vaping and smoking cessation may underestimate potential benefit of daily vaping for daily smokers. Addition 15 September 2023

Electronic cigarettes and health outcomes: umbrella and systematic review of the global evidence
E‐cigarettes can be harmful to health, particularly for non‐smokers and children, adolescents, and young adults. Their effects on many important health outcomes are uncertain. E‐cigarettes may be beneficial for smokers who use them to completely and promptly quit smoking, but they are not currently approved smoking cessation aids. Better quality evidence is needed regarding the health impact of e‐cigarette use, their safety and efficacy for smoking cessation, and effective regulation. MJA 3 April 2023

Offering mailed nicotine replacement therapy and Quitline support before elective surgery: a randomised controlled trial
Uptake of free mailed NRT and Quitline support by smokers on elective surgery waiting lists was good, and offering additional support was associated with higher proportions of smokers quitting before surgery. MJA 4 April 2022

Individual and conjoint factors associated with beliefs about the harmfulness of nicotine replacement therapies relative to combustible cigarettes among people who smoke: Findings from the 2020 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey
Many people who regularly smoke cigarettes are unaware that nicotine replacement therapies (NRTs) are much less harmful than cigarettes. Additionally, beliefs about NRTs relative harmfulness appear to be influenced by both individual and conjoint factors. Nicotine and tobacco research 17 May 2023

Assessment of delivery and receipt of a complex school-based smoking intervention: A systematic quantitative process evaluation
This study highlights the challenge of reaching the intended target group in complex health behavior interventions even when reaching relatively high levels of fidelity. Further studies using the operationalized measures can give insight into the ‘black box’ of the intervention and strengthen future programs targeting smoking in vocational education. Global implementation research and applications 21 May 2023



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